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Monday, August 20, 2012

Sri Lanka List (Country List) of bird species

The Sri Lanka List of bird species (the Country List of bird species for Sri Lanka) is compiled by the Ceylon Bird Club (CBC). Its basis is explained in The Avifauna of Sri Lanka: An overview of the current status, 2009, D. Warakagoda and U. Sirivardana, Taprobanica. Vol. 1 (1), pp. 28-35), and the section ‘The CBCRRC List Categories’ in the document ‘The Ceylon Bird Club Rarities and Records Committee’.
The current List records 441 species of birds of which 238 breed in the country. A number of further species is under evaluation by the Ceylon Bird Club Rarities and Records Committee (CBCRRC), and those ratified will be added to the list.
The taxonomy and sequence followed in this List are as in Birds of South Asia: the Ripley Guide, Vols. 1 and 2, 2005, P. C. Rasmussen and J. C. Anderton, and subsequent revisions of species status effected by: The great tit (Parus major) – a misclassified ring species, 2005, M. Packert et al., Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 86: 153-174, A partial revision of the Asian babblers (Timaliidae), 2006, N. J. Collar, Forktail. Journal of Asian Ornithology, 22: 85-112 and An overlooked threatened species of eagle: Legge’s Hawk Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti (Aves: Accipitriformes), 2008, J. O. Gjershaug et al., 2008, Zootaxa 1792: 54-66.
When two subspecies occurring within Sri Lanka are conspicuously distinct in plumage from each other they are both listed.
The common or English names given are those used by the CBC, followed by alternatives (with a ‘/’ before each) when these: differ significantly and may be more familiar to many readers and (a) refer to the same species or (b) conform to the taxonomy of the species prior to the above-listed works, or (c) are used in the above or later works to conform to taxonomic change made or suggested in the above works.
E : indicates that the species is endemic to Sri Lanka.
R : indicates that the species or subspecies listed is a breeding resident in Sri Lanka.
M : indicates that the species or subspecies listed is a migrant or vagrant to Sri Lanka.
GREBES  PODICIPEDIDAE
  • Little Grebe  Tachybaptus ruficollis                                           r
PETRELS AND SHEARWATERS  PROCELLARIIDAE
  • Cape Petrel  Daption capense                                                    m
  • Barau's Petrel  Pterodroma baraui                                            m
  • Bulwer's Petrel  Bulweria bulwerii                                             m
  • Jouanin's Petrel  Bulweria fallax                                                m
  • Streaked Shearwater  Calonectris leucomelas                          m
  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater  Puffinus pacificus                            m
  • Flesh-footed Shearwater  Puffinus carneipes                            m
  • Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus                                             m
  • Short-tailed Shearwater  Puffinus tenuirostris             m
STORM PETRELS  HYDROBATIDAE
  • Wilson's Storm Petrel  Oceanites oceanicus                            m
  • Swinhoe's Storm Petrel  Oceanodroma monorhis                   m
TROPICBIRDS  PHAETHONTIDAE
  • White-tailed Tropicbird  Phaethon lepturus                            m
  • Red-billed Tropicbird  Phaethon aethereus                            m
PELICANS  PELECANIDAE
  • Spotted-billed Pelican  Pelecanus philippensis                        r
/ Spot-billed Pelican
GANNETS AND BOOBIES  SULIDAE
  • Masked Booby  Sula dactylatra                                                m
  • Brown Booby  Sula leucogaster                                               m
  • Red-footed Booby  Sula sula                                                    m
CORMORANTS AND SHAGS  PHALACROCORACIDAE
  • Little Cormorant  Phalacrocorax niger                                   r
  • Indian Shag  Phalacrocorax fuscicollis                                    r
/ Indian Cormorant
  • Great Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo                                 r
DARTERS  ANHINGIDAE
  • Indian Darter  Anhinga melanogaster                                     r
/ Oriental Darter
FRIGATEBIRDS  FREGATIDAE
  • Lesser Frigatebird  Fregata ariel                                             m
  • Great Frigatebird  Fregata minor                                           m
  • Christmas Island Frigatebird  Fregata andrewsi                   m
/ Christmas Frigatebird
HERONS AND EGRETS  ARDEIDAE
  • Little Egret  Egretta garzetta                                                    r
  • Indian Reef HeronEgretta gularis                                         m
/ Western Reef Heron / Western Reef Egret
  • Large Egret  Egretta alba                                                         r
/ Great Egret
  • Median Egret  Egretta intermedia                                            r
/ Intermediate Egret
  • Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea                                                      r
  • Goliath Heron  Ardea goliath                                                   m
  • Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea                                                r
  • Cattle Egret  Bubulcus coromandus                                         r/m
/ Eastern Cattle Egret
  • Indian Pond Heron  Ardeola grayii                                         r/m
  • Chinese Pond Heron  Ardeola bacchus                                   m
  • Little Green Heron  Butorides striatus                         r
/ Striated Heron / Little Heron
  • Night Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax                                         r
/ Black-crowned Night Heron
  • Malay Bittern Gorsachius melanolophus                                m
/ Malayan Night Heron
  • Yellow Bittern  Ixobrychus sinensis                                          r/m
  • Chestnut Bittern  Ixobrychus cinnamomeus                            r
/ Cinnamon Bittern
  • Black Bittern  Dupetor flavicollis                                             r/m
  • Eurasian Bittern  Botaurus stellaris                                         m
/ Great Bittern
STORKS  CICONIIDAE
  • Painted Stork  Mycteria leucocephala                                        r
  • Openbill  Anastomus oscitans                                                     r
/ Asian Openbill
  • Black Stork  Ciconia nigra                                                         m
  • White-necked Stork  Ciconia episcopus                                    r
/ Woolly-necked Stork
  • White StorkCiconia ciconia                                                     m
  • Black-necked Stork  Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus                      r
  • Lesser Adjutant  Leptoptilos javanicus                          r
IBISES AND SPOONBILLS  THRESKIORNITHIDAE
  • Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus                                      m
  • White Ibis  Threskiornis melanocephalus                                   r
/ Black-headed Ibis
  • Spoonbill  Platalea leucorodia                                                  r
/ Eurasian Spoonbill
FLAMINGOS  PHOENICOPTERIDAE
  • Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus roseus                               m
GEESE AND DUCKS  ANATIDAE  
  • Large Whistling Teal  Dendrocygna bicolor                           m
/ Fulvous Whistling Duck
  • Lesser Whistling Teal  Dendrocygna javanica                        r
/ Lesser Whistling Duck
  • Greylag Goose  Anser anser                                                     m
  • Ruddy Shelduck  Tadorna ferruginea                                     m
  • Comb Duck  Sarkidiornis melanotos                                        m
  • Cotton Teal  Nettapus coromandelianus                                  r
/ Cotton Pygmy Goose
  • Gadwall  Anas strepera                                                             m
  • Wigeon Anas penelope                                                             m
/ Eurasian Wigeon
  • Spot-billed Duck  Anas poecilorhyncha                                   r/m
/ Indian Spot-billed Duck
  • Shoveller  Anas clypeata                                                           m
/ Northern Shoveler
  • Pintail Anas acuta                                                                    m
/ Northern Pintail
  • Garganey  Anas querquedula                                                   m
  • Common Teal  Anas crecca                                                     m
  • Tufted Duck  Aythya fuligula                                                   m
HAWKS, KITES, EAGLES AND VULTURES  ACCIPITRIDAE
  • Brown Baza  Aviceda jerdoni                                                   r
/ Jerdon’s Baza
  • Black Baza  Aviceda leuphotes                                                 m
  • Crested Honey Buzzard  Pernis ptilorhynchus                        r/m
/ Oriental Honey Buzzard
  • Black-winged Kite  Elanus caeruleus                                      r
/ Black-shouldered Kite
  • Black Kite  Milvus migrans                                                       r
  • Brahminy Kite  Haliaster indus                                               r
  • White-bellied Sea Eagle  Haliaeetus leucogaster                     r
  • Grey-headed Fishing Eagle  Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus          r
  • Egyptian Vulture  Neophron percnopterus                              m
  • Crested Serpent Eagle  Spilornis cheela                                  r
  • Western Marsh Harrier  Circus aeruginosus                          m
/ Eurasian Marsh Harrier
  • Pallid Harrier  Circus macrourus                                             m
  • Pied Harrier  Circus melanoleucos                                          m
  • Montagu's Harrier  Circus pygargus                                       m
  • Crested Goshawk  Accipiter trivirgatus                                   r
  • Shikra  Accipiter badius                                                 r
  • Besra Sparrowhawk  Accipiter virgatus                                  r
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk  Accipiter nisus                                 m
  • Himalayan Buzzard  Buteo burmanicus                                 M
/ Common Buzzard
  • Long-legged Buzzard  Buteo rufinus                                       m
  • Black Eagle  Ictinaetus malayensis                                           r
  • Bonelli's Eagle  Hieraaetus fasciatus                                        m
  • Booted Eagle  Hieraaetus pennatus                                          m
  • Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle  Hieraaetus kienerii                    r
/ Rufous-bellied Eagle
  • Crested Hawk-Eagle  Spizaetus cirrhatus                                r
/ Changeable Hawk-Eagle
  • Mountain Hawk-Eagle  Nisaetus kelaarti                                r
/ Legge’s Hawk-Eagle
OSPREYPANDIONIDAE
  • Osprey  Pandion haliaetus                                                        m
FALCONS  FALCONIDAE
  • Lesser Kestrel  Falco naumanni                                               m
  • Common Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus                                        r/m
  • Red-headed Merlin  Falco chicquera                                      m
/ Red-necked Falcon
  • Amur Falcon  Falco amurensis                                                m
  • Indian Hobby  Falco severus                                                   m
/ Oriental Hobby
  • Peregrine Falcon  Falco peregrinus calidus                             m
Shaheen Falcon  Falco peregrinus pregrinator                      r
PARTRIDGES, QUAILS AND PHEASANTS  PHASIANIDAE
  • Painted Partridge Francolinus pictus                          r
/ Painted Francolin
  • Indian Grey Partridge  Francolinus pondicerianus                r
/ Grey Francolin
  • Rain Quail  Coturnix coromandelica                                        m
  • Blue-breasted Quail  Coturnix chinensis                                  r
  • Jungle Bush Quail  Perdicula asiatica                         r
  • Ceylon Spurfowl  Galloperdix bicalcarata                              E
/ Sri Lanka Spurfowl
  • Ceylon Junglefowl  Gallus lafayetii                                         E
/ Sri Lanka Junglefowl
  • Indian Peafowl  Pavo cristatus                                     r
BUTTON QUAILS  TURNICIDAE
  • Small Button Quail  Turnix sylvaticus                          m
  • Bustard-Quail  Turnix suscitator                                              r
/ Barred Buttonquail
RAILS, CRAKES, GALLINULES AND COOTS  RALLIDAE
  • Banded Crake  Rallina eurizonoides                                          R/m
/ Slaty-legged Crake
  • Blue-breasted Banded Rail  Rallus striatus                               r/m
/ Slaty-breasted Rail
  • Eastern Water Rail  Rallus indicus                                            m
/ Water Rail
  • Corn Crake  Crex crex                                                   m
  • White-breasted Waterhen  Amaurornis phoenicurus    r
  • Baillon's Crake  Porzana pusilla                                                M
  • Ruddy Crake  Porzana fusca                                                     r/m
/ Ruddy-breasted Crake
  • Watercock  Gallicrex cinerea                                                     r
  • Purple Coot  Porphyrio [porphyrio] poliocephalus                    r
/ Purple Swamphen
  • Common Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus                                 r
  • Common Coot  Fulica atra                                                      r/m
/ Eurasian Coot
JACANAS  JACANIDAE
  • Pheasant-tailed Jacana  Hydrophasianus chirurgus                r
PAINTED SNIPES  ROSTRATULIDAE
  • Painted Snipe  Rostratula benghalensis                                    r
/ Greater Painted Snipe
OYSTERCATCHERS  HAEMATOPODIDAE
  • Oystercatcher  Haematopus ostralegus                                    m
/ Eurasian Oystercatcher
PLOVERS  CHARADRIIDAE
  • Asiatic Golden Plover  Pluvialis fulva                          m
/ Pacific Golden Plover
  • Grey Plover  Pluvialis squatarola                                             m
  • Common Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula                       m
  • Little Ringed Plover  Charadrius dubius                                 r/m
  • Kentish Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus                                r/m
  • Lesser Sand Plover  Charadrius mongolus                              m
/ Mongolian Plover
  • Large Sand Plover  Charadrius leschenaultii              m
/ Greater Sand Plover
  • Caspian Plover  Charadrius asiaticus                          m
  • Oriental Plover  Charadrius veredus                                        m
  • Yellow-wattled Lapwing  Vanellus malabaricus                     r
  • Grey-headed Lapwing  Vanellus cinereus                               m
  • Red-wattled Lapwing  Vanellus indicus                                  r
  • Sociable Lapwing  Vanellus gregarius                         m
SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES  SCOLOPACIDAE
  • Woodcock  Scolopax rusticola                                      m
/ Eurasian Woodcock
  • Wood Snipe  Gallinago nemoricola                                         m
  • Pintail Snipe  Gallinago stenura                                               m
  • Swinhoe's Snipe  Gallinago megala                                         m
  • Common Snipe  Gallinago gallinago                           m
  • Great Snipe  Gallinago media                                      m
  • Jack Snipe  Lymnocryptes minimus                                          m
  • Black-tailed Godwit  Limosa limosa                                        m
/ Western Black-tailed Godwit
  • Bar-tailed Godwit  Limosa lapponica                          m
  • Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus                                                m
  • Eurasian Curlew  Numenius arquata                          m
  • Spotted Redshank  Tringa erythropus                         m
  • Common Redshank Tringa totanus                                         m
  • Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia                                m
  • Marsh Sandpiper  Tringa stagnatilis                                       m
  • Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus                                         m
  • Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola                                           m
  • Terek Sandpiper  Xenus cinereus                                            m
  • Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos                                  m
  • Turnstone  Arenaria interpres                                      m
/ Ruddy Turnstone
  • Asian Dowitcher  Limnodromus semipalmatus                        m
  • Great Knot  Calidris tenuirostris                                              m
  • Red Knot  Calidris canutus                                                      m
  • Sanderling  Calidris alba                                                          m
  • Little Stint  Calidris minuta                                                      m
  • Red-necked Stint  Calidris ruficollis                                        m
/ Rufous-necked Stint
  • Temminck's Stint  Calidris temminckii                                    m
  • Long-toed Stint  Calidris subminuta                                        m
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  Calidris acuminata               m
  • Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos                                   m
  • Dunlin  Calidris alpina                                                  m
  • Curlew Sandpiper  Calidris ferruginea                                   m
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper  Eurynorhynchus pygmeus                m
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper  Tryngites subruficollis                    m
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper  Limicola falcinellus              m
  • Ruff Philomachus pugnax                                                       m
STILTS AND AVOCETS  RECURVIROSTRIDAE
  • Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus                           r/m
  • Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta                                      m
/ Pied Avocet
PHALAROPES  PHALAROPODIDAE
  • Red-necked Phalarope  Phalaropus lobatus                           m
CRAB PLOVER  DROMADIDAE
  • Crab Plover  Dromas ardeola                                      r
STONE CURLEWS AND STONE PLOVERS  BURHINIDAE
  • Indian Stone Curlew  Burhinus indicus                                   r
/ Eurasian Thick-knee
  • Great Stone Plover  Esacus recurvirostris                               r
/ Great Thick-knee
COURSERS AND PRATINCOLES  GLAREOLIDAE
  • Indian Courser  Cursorius coromandelicus                             r
  • Collared Pratincole  Glareola pratincola                                 m
  • Large Pratincole  Glareola maldivarum                                  r
/ Oriental Pratincole
  • Small Pratincole  Glareola lactea                                             r
SKUAS  STERCORARIIDAE
  • Brown Skua  Catharacta antarctica                                           m
  • Pomarine Skua  Stercorarius pomarinus                                   m
/ Pomarine Jaeger
  • Arctic Skua  Stercorarius parasiticus                             m
/ Parasitic Jaeger
GULLS  LARIDAE
  • Sooty Gull  Larus hemprichii                                                      m
  • Heuglin’s Gull  Larus heuglini                                        m
  • Great Black-headed Gull  Larus ichthyaetus                m
/ Pallas’s Gull
  • Brown-headed Gull  Larus brunnicephalus                               m
  • Common Black-headed Gull  Larus ridibundus                       m
  • Slender-billed Gull  Larus genei                                                m
TERNS  STERNIDAE
  • Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon nilotica                                    r/m
  • Caspian Tern  Hydroprogne caspia                                         r/m
  • Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis              m
  • Large Crested Tern  Thalasseus bergii                                   r
/ Great Crested Tern
  • Sandwich Tern  Thalasseus sandvicensis                                 m
  • Roseate Tern  Sterna dougallii                                     r/m
  • Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana                          m
  • Common Tern  Sterna hirundo                                                r/m
  • Little Tern  Sterna albifrons                                                     r
  • Saunders's Tern  Sterna saundersi                                           r
  • Bridled Tern  Sterna anaethetus                                               r/m
  • Sooty Tern  Sterna fuscata                                                        R/m
  • Whiskered Tern  Chlidonias hybrida                           m
  • White-winged Black Tern  Chlidonias leucopterus                 m
/ White-winged Tern
  • Brown Noddy  Anous stolidus                                      m
  • Lesser Noddy  Anous tenuirostris                                             m
PIGEONS AND DOVES  COLUMBIDAE
  • Rock Pigeon  Columba livia                                                     r
  • Ceylon Wood Pigeon  Columba torringtonii                            E
/ Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon
  • Purple Wood Pigeon  Columba punicea                                  m
/ Pale-capped Pigeon / Pale-capped Wood Pigeon
  • Rufous Turtle Dove  Streptopelia orientalis                            m
/ Oriental Turtle Dove
  • Spotted Dove  Streptopelia chinensis                                        r
  • Red Turtle Dove  Streptopelia tranquebarica              m
/ Red Collared Dove
  • Collared Dove  Streptopelia decaocto                          r
/ Eurasian Collared Dove
  • Emerald Dove  Chalcophaps indica                                         r
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon  Treron bicincta                    r
  • Pompadour Green Pigeon  Treron pompadora                      E
/ Ceylon Green Pigeon / Sri Lanka Green Pigeon
  • Yellow-legged Green Pigeon  Treron phoenicopterus r
/ Yellow-footed Green Pigeon
  • Green Imperial Pigeon  Ducula aenea                                    r
PARROTS  PSITTACIDAE
  • Ceylon Lorikeet  Loriculus beryllinus                          E
/ Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot
  • Alexandrine Parakeet  Psittacula eupatria                              r
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet  Psittacula krameri                               r
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet  Psittacula cyanocephala   r
/ Plum-headed Parakeet
  • Layard's Parakeet  Psittacula calthropae                                E
CUCKOOS  CUCULIDAE
  • Green-billed Coucal  Centropus chlororhynchos                     E
  • Common Coucal  Centropus [sinensis] parroti                        r
/ Greater Coucal / ‘Southern’ Coucal
  • Sirkeer Taccocua leschenaultii                                                r
/ Sirkeer Malkoha
  • Red-faced Malkoha  Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus           E
  • Blue-faced Malkoha  Phaenicophaeus viridirostris                 r
  • Red-winged Crested Cuckoo  Clamator coromandus            m
/ Chestnut-winged Cuckoo
  • Pied Crested Cuckoo  Clamator jacobinus                              r
/ Pied Cuckoo / Jacobin Cuckoo
  • Indian Koel  Eudynamys scolopaceus                          r
/ Asian Koel
  • Emerald Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx maculatus                             m
/ Asian Emerald Cuckoo
  • Bay-banded Cuckoo  Cacomantis sonneratii              r
/ Banded Bay Cuckoo
  • Indian Plaintive Cuckoo  Cacomantis passerinus                   m
/ Grey-bellied Cuckoo
  • Drongo-Cuckoo  Surniculus [lugubris] dicruroides                 r
/ ‘Fork-tailed’ Drongo-Cuckoo
  • Common Hawk-Cuckoo  Hierococcyx varius             r/m
  • Small Cuckoo  Cuculus poliocephalus                         m
/ Lesser Cuckoo
  • Indian Cuckoo  Cuculus micropterus                           r/m
  • Common Cuckoo  Cuculus canorus                                        m
/ Eurasian Cuckoo
BARN OWLS AND BAY OWLS  TYTONIDAE
  • Barn Owl  Tyto alba                                                                 r
  • Ceylon Bay Owl  Phodilus assimilis                                        
OWLS  STRIGIDAE
  • Serendib Scops Owl  Otus thilohoffmanni                                  E
  • Little Scops Owl  Otus sunia                                                      r
/ Oriental Scops Owl
  • Collared Scops Owl  Otus bakkamoena                         r
/ Indian Scops Owl
  • Forest Eagle-Owl  Bubo nipalensis                                            r
/ Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl
  • Brown Fish Owl  Ketupa zeylonensis                                         r
  • Brown Wood Owl  Strix leptogrammica                                    r
  • Jungle Owlet  Glaucidium radiatum                                           r
  • Chestnut-backed Owlet  Glaucidium castanonotum                 E
  • Brown Hawk-Owl  Ninox scutulata                                           r
  • Short-eared Owl  Asio flammeus                                              m
FROGMOUTHS  PODARGIDAE
  • Ceylon Frogmouth  Batrachostomus moniliger                       r
/ Sri Lanka Frogmouth
NIGHTJARS  CAPRIMULGIDAE
  • Great Eared Nightjar  Eurostopodus macrotis                       m
  • Grey Nightjar  Caprimulgus indicus                                        r
/ Highland Nightjar/ Indian Jungle Nightjar
  •  Long-tailed Nightjar  Caprimulgus atripennis                        r
/ Jerdon’s Nightjar
  • Indian Nightjar  Caprimulgus asiaticus                                   r
/ Indian Little Nightjar
SWIFTS  APODIDAE 
  • Edible-nest Swift  Aerodramus  unicolor                                 r
/ Indian Swiftlet
  • Brown-throated Spinetail Swift  Hirundapus giganteus         r
/ Brown-backed Needletail
  • Palm Swift  Cypsiurus balasiensis                                            r
/ Asian Palm Swift
  • Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba                                           r
  • Pacific Swift  Apus pacificus                                                     m
/ Fork-tailed Swift
  • House Swift  Apus affinis                                                          r
/ Little Swift
TREE SWIFTS  HEMPROCNIDAE
  • Crested Tree Swift  Hemiprocne coronata                              r
/ Grey-rumped Tree Swift
TROGONS  TROGONIDAE
  • Ceylon TrogonHarpactes fasciatus                                        r
/ Malabar Trogon
KINGFISHERS  ALCEDINIDAE
  • Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis                                          r
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher  Alcedo meninting                                r
  • Indian Three-toed Kingfisher  Ceyx erithaca             r
/ Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher / Black-backed Kingfisher
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher  Pelargopsis capensis             r
  • White-breasted Kingfisher  Halcyon smyrnensis                    r
/ White-throated Kingfisher
  • Black-capped Purple Kingfisher  Halcyon pileata                 m
/ Black-capped Kingfisher
  • Pied Kingfisher  Ceryle rudis                                                   r
/ Lesser Pied Kingfisher
BEE-EATERS  MEROPIDAE
  • Little Green Bee-eater  Merops orientalis                                r
/ Green Bee-eater
  • Blue-tailed Bee-eater  Merops philippinus                               r/m
  • European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster                         m
  • Chestnut-headed Bee-eater  Merops leschenaulti                   r
ROLLERS  CORCIIDAE
  • Indian Roller  Coracias benghalensis                          r
  • Broad-billed Roller  Eurystomus orientalis                              r
/ Dollarbird
HOOPOES  UPUPIDAE
  • Hoopoe  Upupa epops                                                               r/m
/ Eurasian Hoopoe / Common Hoopoe
HORNBILLS  BUCEROTIDAE
  • Ceylon Grey Hornbill  Ocyceros gingalensis              E
/ Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
  • Malabar Pied Hornbill  Anthracoceros coronatus                   r
BARBETS  CAPITONIDAE
  • Brown-headed Barbet  Megalaima zeylanica             r
  • Yellow-fronted Barbet  Megalaima flavifrons             E
  • Ceylon Small Barbet  Megalaima rubricapillus                       E
/ Crimson-fronted Barbet / Sri Lanka Small Barbet
  • Crimson-breasted Barbet  Megalaima haemacephala            r
/ Coppersmith Barbet
WOODPECKERS  PICIDAE
  • Wryneck  Jynx torquila                                                 m
/ Eurasian Wryneck
  • Pygmy Woodpecker  Dendrocopos nanus                               r
/ Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker / Indian Pygmy Woodpecker
  • Yellow-fronted Pied WoodpeckerDendrocoposmahrattensis r
/ Yellow-crowned Woodpecker
  • Rufous Woodpecker  Micropternus brachyurus                      r
  • Lesser Yellow-naped Woodpecker  Picus chlorolophus        r
/ Lesser Yellownape
  • Scaly-bellied Woodpecker  Picus xanthopygaeus                    r
/ Streak-throated Woodpecker
  • Golden-backed Woodpecker Dinopiumbenghalensejaffnensisr
  Red-backed Woodpecker Dinopium benghalense psarodesr
/ Black-rumped Flameback (both subspecies)
  • Crimson-backed Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes stricklandi     E
/ Greater Flameback / Crimson-backed Flameback
  • Black-backed Yellow WoodpeckerChrysocolaptesfestivusr
/ White-naped Woodpecker
PITTAS  PITTIDAE
  • Indian Pitta  Pitta brachyura                                                    m
LARKS  ALAUDIDAE
  • Jerdon’s Bushlark  Mirafra affinis                                           r
  • Ashy-crowned Finch-Lark  Eremopterix griseus                    r
/ Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark
  • Indian Skylark  Alauda gulgula                                               r
/ Oriental Skylark
SWALLOWS AND MARTINS  HIRUNDINIDAE
  • Sand Martin  Riparia riparia                                                   m
/ Common Sand Martin
  • Dusky Crag Martin  Ptyonoprogne concolor              m
  • Common Swallow  Hirundo rustica                                         m
/ Barn Swallow
  • Hill Swallow  Hirundo domicola                                               r
/ Pacific Swallow
  • Wire-tailed Swallow  Hirundo smithii                          m
  • Red-rumped Swallow  Hirundo daurica                                 m
  • Ceylon Swallow  Hirundo hyperythra                          E
/ Red-rumped Swallow / Sri Lanka Swallow
  • Indian Cliff Swallow  Hirundo fluvicola                                  m
/ Streak-throated Swallow
PIPITS AND WAGTAILS  MOTACILLIDAE
  • Forest Wagtail  Dendronanthus indicus                         m
  • White Wagtail  Motacilla alba                                        m
  • Large Pied Wagtail  Motacilla maderaspatensis                        m
/ White-browed Wagtail
  • Citrine Wagtail  Motacilla citreola                                             m
  • Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava                                     m
  • Grey Wagtail  Motacilla cinerea                                                m
  • Richard's Pipit  Anthus richardi                                     m
  • Indian Pipit  Anthus rufulus                                                        r
/ Paddyfield Pipit
  • Tawny Pipit  Anthus campestris                                     m
  • Blyth's Pipit  Anthus godlewskii                                                m
  • Indian Tree Pipit  Anthus hodgsoni                                         m
/ Olive-backed Pipit
  • Red-throated Pipit  Anthus cervinus                                        m
CUCKOO-SHRIKES AND MINIVETS  CAMPEPHAGIDAE
  • Large Cuckoo-Shrike  Coracina macei                                   r
  • Black-headed Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina melanoptera           r
  • Small Minivet  Pericrocotus cinnamomeus                              r
  • Orange Minivet  Pericrocotus flammeus                                  r
/ Scarlet Minivet / Flame Minivet
  • Pied Flycatcher-Shrike  Hemipus picatus                                r
/ Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike
  • Ceylon Wood Shrike  Tephrodornis affinis                              E
/ Common Wood Shrike / Sri Lanka Wood Shrike
MONARCHS  MONARCHIDAE
  • Indian Paradise FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi paradisim
  Ceylon Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi ceylonensis          r
/ Asian Paradise Flycatcher (both subspecies)
  • Black-naped Monarch  Hypothymis azurea                            r
/ Black-naped Flycatcher / Black-naped Blue Monarch
FANTAILS  RHIPIDURIDAE
  • White-browed Fantail  Rhipidura aureola                              r
/ White-browed Fantail Flycatcher
BULBULS  PYCNONOTIDAE
  • Black-capped Bulbul  Pycnonotus melanicterus                      E
/ Black-crested Bulbul / Black-headed Yellow Bulbul
  • Red-vented Bulbul  Pycnonotus cafer                          r
  • Yellow-eared Bulbul  Pycnonotus penicillatus             E
  • White-browed Bulbul  Pycnonotus luteolus                            r
  • Yellow-browed Bulbul  Iole indica                                          r
  • Black Bulbul  Hypsipetes ganeesa                                            r
/ Square-tailed Black Bulbul
IORAS  AEGITHINIDAE
  • Common Iora  Aegithina tiphia                                                r
  • Marshall’s Iora  Aegithina nigrolutea                          r
LEAFBIRDS  CHLOROPSEIDAE
  • Gold-fronted Chloropsis  Chloropsis aurifrons                       r
/ Gold-fronted Leafbird
  • Jerdon's Chloropsis  Chloropsis jerdoni                                  r
/ Blue-winged Leafbird / Jerdon's Leafbird
SHRIKES  LANIIDAE
  • Brown Shrike  Lanius cristatus cristatus                                  m
  Philippine Shrike  Lanius cristatus lucionensis                      m
  • Bay-backed Shrike  Lanius vittatus                                          m
  • Rufous-rumped Shrike  Lanius schach                                   r
/ Long-tailed Shrike / Rufous-backed Shrike
  • Southern Grey Shrike  Lanius meridionalis                            m
THRUSHES  TURDIDAE
  • Pied Ground Thrush  Zoothera wardii                         m
/ Pied Thrush
  • Orange-headed Ground Thrush  Zoothera citrina                   m
/ Orange-headed Thrush
  • Spotted-winged Thrush  Zoothera spiloptera                E
/ Spot-winged Thrush / Spot-winged Ground Thrush
  • Ceylon Scaly Thrush  Zoothera imbricata                                 E
/ Scaly Thrush / Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush
  • Blackbird  Turdus simillimus                                                      r
/ Eurasian Blackbird/ Indian Blackbird
  • Eyebrowed Thrush  Turdus obscurus                           m
  • Ceylon Whistling Thrush  Myophonus blighi                E
/ Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush
OLD-WORLD FLYCATCHERS AND CHATS  MUSCICAPIDAE
  • Brown Flycatcher  Muscicapa dauurica                                    m
/ Asian Brown Flycatcher
  • Layard’s Flycatcher  Muscicapa muttui                                    m
/ Brown-breasted Flycatcher
  • Yellow-rumped Flycatcher  Ficedula zanthopygia                 m
  • Kashmir Flycatcher  Ficedula subrubra                                  m
  • Dusky-blue Flycatcher  Eumyias sordidus                              E
/ Dull-blue Flycatcher
  • Blue-throated Flycatcher  Cyornis rubeculoides                     m
  • Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher  Cyornis tickelliae                r
  • Grey-headed Flycatcher  Culicicapa ceylonensis                    r
/ Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher
  • Blue Rock Thrush  Monticola solitarius                                  m
  • Bluethroat  Luscinia svecica                                                     m
  • Indian Blue Chat  Luscinia brunnea                                        m
/ Indian Blue Robin
  • Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin  Cercotrichas galactotes  m
  • Magpie-Robin  Copsychus saularis                                          r
/ Oriental Magpie-Robin
  • White-rumped Shama  Copsychus malabaricus                     r
  • Black Robin  Saxicoloides fulicatus                                          r
/ Indian Robin / Black-backed Robin
  • Pied Bushchat  Saxicola caprata                                              r
  • Pied Wheatear  Oenanthe pleschanka                          m
  • Desert Wheatear  Oenanthe deserti                                         m
  • Isabelline Wheatear  Oenanthe isabellina                                m
BABBLERS  TIMALIIDAE
  • Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush  Garrulax cinereifrons         E
  • Brown-capped Babbler  Pellorneum fuscocapillus                 E
  • Ceylon Scimitar Babbler  Pomatorhinus melanurus   E
/ Indian Scimitar Babbler / Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler
  • White-throated Babbler  Dumetia hyperythra                        r
/ Tawny-bellied Babbler
  • Black-fronted Babbler  Rhopocichla atriceps             r
/ Dark-fronted Babbler
  • Yellow-eyed Babbler  Chrysomma sinense                              r
  • Rufous Babbler  Turdoides rufescens                          E
/ Orange-billed Babbler / Ceylon Rufous Babbler
  • Southern Common  Babbler  Turdoides affinis                      r
/ Yellow-billed Babbler
CISTICOLAS, PRINIAS AND TAILORBIRDS  CISTICOLIDAE
  • Streaked Fantail Warbler  Cisticola juncidis              r
/ Zitting Cisticola
  • Franklin’s Prinia  Prinia hodgsonii                                         r
/ Grey-breasted Prinia
  • Ashy Prinia  Prinia socialis                                                      r
  • Large Prinia  Prinia sylvatica                                       r
/ Jungle Prinia
  • White-browed Prinia  Prinia inornata                         r
/ Plain Prinia
  • Common Tailorbird  Orthotomus sutorius                              r
OLD-WORLD WARBLERS  SYLVIIDAE
  • Ceylon Warbler  Elaphrornis palliseri                         E
/ Sri Lanka Bush Warbler
  • Lanceolated Warbler  Locustella lanceolata               m
  • Common Grasshopper Warbler  Locustella naevia   m
/ Grasshopper Warbler
  • Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler  Locustella certhiola  m
/ Rusty-rumped Warbler
  • Blyth’s Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus dumetorum                   m
  • Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus[stentoreus] brunnescens            r
/ Indian Great Reed Warbler / Indian Reed Warbler
  • Sykes’s Warbler  Hippolais rama                                            m
/ Booted Warbler
  • Booted Warbler  Hippolais caligata                                        m
  • Dusky Warbler  Phylloscopus fuscatus                                    m
  • Greenish Leaf Warbler  Phylloscopus trochiloides                 m
/ Greenish Warbler
  • Green Leaf Warbler  Phylloscopus nitidus                             m
/ Greenish Warbler / Bright-green Warbler
  • Large-billed Leaf Warbler  Phylloscopus magnirostris          m
  • Broad-tailed Grass Warbler  Schoenicola platyurus  m
/ Broad-tailed Grassbird / Indian Broad-tailed Grass Warbler
  • Lesser Whitethroat  Sylvia curruca                                         m
  • Hume’s Whitethroat  Sylvia althaea                                        m
/ Lesser Whitethroat
TITMICE  PARIDAE
  • Grey Tit  Parus cinereus                                                           r
/ Great Tit / Asian Grey Tit
NUTHATCHES  SITTIDAE
  • Velvet-fronted Nuthatch  Sitta frontalis                                  r
FLOWERPECKERS  DICAEIDAE
  • Thick-billed Flowerpecker  Dicaeum agile                             r
  • Legge’s Flowerpecker  Dicaeum vincens                                E
/ White-throated  Flowerpecker
  • Tickell’s Flowerpecker  Dicaeum erythrorhynchos                 r
/ Pale-billed Flowerpecker
SUNBIRDS  NECTARINIIDAE
  • Purple-rumped Sunbird  Leptocoma zeylonica                      r
  • Purple Sunbird  Cynnyris asiaticus                                          r
  • Loten’s Sunbird  Cynnyris lotenius                                          r
/ Long-billed Sunbird
WHITE-EYES  ZOSTEROPIDAE
  • Ceylon Hill White-eye  Zosterops ceylonensis              E
/ Sri Lanka White-eye / Ceylon White-eye
  • Small White-eye  Zosterops palpebrosus                                  r
/ Oriental White-eye
BUNTINGS  EMBERIZIDAE
  • Black-headed Bunting  Emberiza melanocephala                   m
  • Red-headed Bunting  Emberiza bruniceps                              m
FINCHES  FRINGILLIDAE
  • Common Rosefinch  Carpodacus erythrinus                           m
WAXBILLS  ESTRILDIDAE
  • White-throated Munia  Euodice malabarica               r
/ Indian Silverbill / White-throated Silverbill
  • White-rumped Munia  Lonchura striata                                 r
/ White-backed Munia
  • Ceylon Hill Munia  Lonchura kelaarti                         r
/ Black-throated Munia
  • Spotted Munia  Lonchura punctulata                           r
/ Scaly-breasted Munia
  • Black-headed Munia  Lonchura malacca                                r
/ Tricoloured Munia
OLD-WORLD SPARROWS  PASSERIDAE
  • House Sparrow  Passer domesticus                                         r
  • Yellow-throated Sparrow  Petronia xanthcollis                      m
/ Chestnut-shouldered Petronia
WEAVERS  PLOCEIDAE
  • Striated Weaver  Ploceus manyar                                            r
/ Streaked Weaver
  • Baya Weaver  Ploceus philippinus                                           r
STARLINGS AND MYNAS  STURNIDAE
  • Ceylon White-headed Starling  Sturnia albofrontata  E
/ White-faced Starling
  • Grey-headed Starling  Sturnia malabarica                              m
/ Chestnut-tailed Starling
  • Daurian Starling  Sturnia sturnina                                           m
/ Purple-backed Starling
  • Brahminy Myna  Temenuchus pagodarum                             m
/ Brahminy Starling
  • Rosy Starling  Sturnus roseus                                       m
  • Common Myna  Acridotheres tristis                                         r
  • Ceylon Hill Myna  Gracula ptilogenys                         E
/ Sri Lanka Myna
  • Common Hill Myna  Gracula indica                                       r
/ Hill Myna / Lesser Hill Myna
ORIOLES  ORIOLIDAE
  • European Golden Oriole  Oriolus oriolus                               m
/ Eurasian Golden Oriole
  • Indian Golden Oriole  Oriolus kundoo                                    m
/ Eurasian Golden Oriole
  • Black-naped Oriole  Oriolus chinensis                         m
  • Black-headed Oriole  Oriolus xanthornus                                r
/ Black-hooded Oriole
FAIRY BLUEBIRDS  IRENIDAE
  • Fairy Bluebird  Irena puella                                                     m
/ Asian Fairy Bluebird
DRONGOS  DICRURIDAE
  • Black Drongo  Dicrurus macrocercus                          r/m
  • Grey Drongo  Dicrurus leucophaeus                                       m
/ Ashy Drongo
  • White-bellied Drongo  Dicrurus caerulescens insularisr
  White-vented Drongo  Dicrurus caerulescens leucopygialisr
/ White-bellied Drongo
  • Racket-tailed Drongo  Dicrurus paradiseus                            r
  • Ceylon Crested Drongo  Dicrurus lophorinus             E
/ Greater Racket-tailed Drongo / Sri Lanka Crested Drongo
WOODSWALLOWS  ARTAMIDAE
  • Ashy Swallow-Shrike  Artamus fuscus                                    r
/ Ashy Woodswallow
CROWS AND MAGPIES  CORVIDAE
  • Ceylon Blue Magpie  Urocissa ornata                         E
/ Sri Lanka Blue Magpie
  • House Crow  Corvus splendens                                                r
  • Jungle Crow  Corvus [macrorhyncos] culminatus                   r
/ Large-billed Crow/ Indian Jungle Crow




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